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Preliminary Exam

Punjab Civil services Preliminary

Punjab Government takes civil exams every year on state level to recruit the deserving candidates in government services. Generally, there are three levels to qualify the exam and Preliminary is the first stage. Like every exam there is a set syllabus and pattern to make the studies easier for the candidate.

Paper Subjects No. of Questions Marks Time allowed
I General Studies 100 200 2 hours
II Civil Services Aptitude Test 80 250 2 hours
Total 180 450

The syllabus of Prelims is designed to find out the suitable candidates for MAINS exam. However, preliminary scores are not assumed to determine the final result of the exam.


Paper – I (General Studies)

1. Everyday Science

  • States of matter, structure of atom, versatile nature of carbon.
  • Acids, bases, salt: corrosion in metals, action of soaps.
  • Life on Earth – evolution, marine & terrestrial life.
  • Human body and life processes, nutrition, disease – its causes & prevention, infectious
  • diseases, lifestyle diseases.
  • Public health initiatives, mother and child health, immunisation & vaccination, HIV-AIDS,
  • TB, polio etc.
  • Force-laws of motion & gravitation, Archimedes principle.
  • Energy – kinetic & potential.
  • Light – reflection & refraction – concepts and applications.
  • Sound – propagation & reflection- concepts and applications.
  • Electric current – concepts and applications.
  • Computers and telecommunication – concepts and applications.

2. Environmental studies

  • Composition and structure of the atmosphere.
  • Solar system – heat balance & temperature.
  • Atmospheric circulation & weather system, water cycle.
  • Climate change – fossil fuels, greenhouse gases, renewable energy, clean development
  • mechanism, carbon credits.
  • Water – oceans, rivers, glaciers, lakes, groundwater etc.
  • Biodiversity & conservation.
  • Soil – types, crops, food chain etc.
  • Pollution and toxicity etc.

3. Political theory & international order

  • Basic concept of freedom, equality, social justice, rights & duties, citizenship, nationalism,
  • secularism etc.
  • United Nations and its organs/agencies, other international organisations like the World Bank,
  • IMF, WTO, EU, G20, BRICS etc. and their role in the World peace, trade & development.
  • Indian polity
  • Basic features, provisions, schedules of the Indian Constitution, key amendments.
  • Panchayati Raj. Elections – People’s Representation Act, electoral reforms. Rise of
  • regionalism and coalition politics.
  • Armed challenges to the Indian state since independence.

4. History of India

  • The Indus valley civilisation.
  • The Aryan and the Vedic age.
  • Jainism and Buddhism.
  • The Maurya and Gupta periods.
  • Advent of Islam and Sultanate period (political, social & cultural).
  • The Bhakti Movement.
  • The Mughals (political, social & cultural till Aurangzeb).
  • The coming of the European Powers and the advent of the British rule.
  • The Mutiny of 1857.
  • The British rule and the Indian National Movement (1857-1947)
  • World History
  • The Renaissance and the Industrial Revolution in Europe.
  • Important Events namely The American Revolution 1776; The French Revolution 1789; The
  • Russian Revolution 1917; World Wars I & II.

5. Indian Economy

  • Indian economic development (1950-1991) – key economic policies, public sector
  • dominance, bank nationalisation etc.
  • Five year plans – key goals and main achievements.
  • Liberalisation, privatisation and globalisation era since 1991 – key policies, decisions and
  • results.
  • Performance of Indian economy since 1991 – Growth, fiscal & revenue deficits, trade,
  • commerce & balance of payments, inflation, growth of service sector.
  • Key challenges and responses – agriculture and food security, industrialisation, poverty
  • alleviation & employment, rural & urban infrastructure, social sector – health, education etc.

6. Geography

  • Population – distribution, density, growth and comparison.
  • Migration – types, causes and consequences.
  • Human development. Human settlements.
  • Land resources and agriculture.
  • Water resources.
  • Mineral and energy resources.
  • Manufacturing industries.
  • Planning and sustainable development in India.
  • Transport and communication.
  • International trade.
  • Geographical perspective on selected issues and problems.

7. Current events of national and international importance.


1. Geography

  • Geographical and agro-climatic regions, rivers, water resources, sharing of waters,
  • demographics, human development indices

2. People, Society and Culture

  • Major personalities in history of Punjab, religious movements, major religions & spiritual personalities, Punjabi literature, folklore, performing arts, fine arts and crafts

3. History

  • Sufis, saints and gurus, Lodhis and Mughals, Sikh rulers, the British period, nationalist movement in Punjab, Punjab in independent India.

4. Economy

  • Agriculture, animal husbandry, industrial & service sectors, major occupations, development & economic growth, public finance (including central-state fiscal issues), public sector institutions, cooperatives etc.

Paper –II (Civil Services Aptitude Test)

1. Reading comprehension; Punjabi and English language comprehension, antonyms and

synonyms, grammar and sentence formation.

2. Interpersonal skills including communication skills

3. Logical reasoning, analytical and mental ability

4. Basic numerical skills; numbers, magnitudes, percentages, numerical relation appreciation

5. Data analysis; Graphic presentations, charts, tables, spreadsheets.

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